Overview

Hoan Kiem District

A history of land

 

 

Hoan Kiem district is located on the West by Dong Da district, on the Northwest by Ba Dinh and Dong Da districts, on the South by Hai Ba Trung district and running from North to South along the Red River. The entire district land used to belong to the former Tho Xuong district.

 

 

Hoan Kiem District was formed over 1,000 years ago and has a long history of development. It becomes a hub with "four towns" and also a convergent point of polytechnic talents everywhere  that imprinted on street names today as Hang Dao, Hang Trong, Hang Bac, Hang Khay, Hang Quat , Hang Da ...

 

 

For 1954 - 1961, the area consisted of Hoan Kiem, Dong Xuan streets and part of the Hang Co and Hai Ba. For the period of 1961 - 1981, it was known as Hoan Kiem district. Since January 1981, it officially called as Hoan Kiem district with 18 precincts.

 

 

Located in the district are headquarters of diplomatic missions, international organizations, foreign representative offices, central and local state agencies, large Catholic headquarters, historical, cultural and revolutionary vestiges, monuments  and valuable cultural architecture works.

 

 

The district owns 170 historical, cultural and revolutionary vestiges, monuments and cultural  architecture works such as the Sword lake, Tortoise tower, Hoa Lo prison, Kim Ngan communal house, Bao An pagoda (also called as Lien Tri), Bao Thien tower, the temple of Le King, Ngoc Son temple, O Quan Chuong gate, Hanoi Opera House, 19-8 square, Hanoi cathedral, History museum, Vietnam Revolution museum, Ly Thai To Statue, Hanoi Post Office, Dong Xuan Market ... Especially, the entire old town heritages under the city conservation list are located in the district.

 

 

Brief Introduction

Hoan Kiem district is located in the heart of the ancient Thang Long and Hanoi capital today.

Althought it is the smallest district of Hanoi in term of area, most of the important political and cultural events of the capital  occurs in Hoan Kiem.

 

 

Located in the district are headquarters of diplomatic missions, international organizations, foreign representative offices, central and local state agencies, large Catholic headquarters, historical, cultural and revolutionary vestiges, monuments  and valuable cultural architecture works.

 

 

Hoan Kiem district is also a home of the high - tech and quality services, commercial shopping streets and big wholesale markets.

 

Geographical location

Hoan Kiem district (named after the Hoan Kiem Lake) located in the center of Hanoi Capital, Hoan Kiem district is located on the West by Dong Da district, on the Northwest by Ba Dinh and Dong Da districts, on the South by Hai Ba Trung district and running from North to South along the Red River. The entire district land used to belong to the former Tho Xuong district with an area of 5.29 km2 and a population of 143 528 people (as of 4/2009).

 

Development history

Hoan Kiem District was formed over 1,000 years ago and has a long history of development. In the past, Hoan Kiem area was a confluence, where the To Lich river separated from the Nhi river at Giang Khau precinct  flowing through the crowded streets and boat wharfs.

It becomes a hub with "four towns" and also a convergent point of polytechnic talents everywhere  that imprinted on street names today as Hang Dao, Hang Trong, Hang Bac, Hang Khay, Hang Quat , Hang Da ...

From 1954 to 1961, the area consisted of Hoan Kiem, Dong Xuan streets and part of the Hang Co and Hai Ba. For the period of 1961 - 1981, it was known as Hoan Kiem district. Since January 1981, it was officially called as Hoan Kiem district with 18 precincts.

 

 

Administrative units

Hoan Kiem district includes 18 precinct administrative units of Cua Nam, Hang Bai, Trang Tien, Ly Thai To, Đong Xuan, Hang Ma, Cua Đong, Hang Gai, Tran Hưng Đao, Phan Chu Trinh, Hang Bac, Hang Buom, Hang Đao, Hang Bo, Hang Bong, Hang Trong, Chuong Duong, Phuc Tan.

District People's Council – People's Committee based at 126 Hang Trong street.

 

 

Socio- economy

 

 

Economic structure shifted towards civilization and efficiency oriented service-trade - tourism.
Currently the district has over 13,000 individual household businesses operating in trade and business. The budget has been increasing in pace of development, reaching 915 billion dong in 2007 and 1255.5 billion dong in 2008. The growth rate of trade, services, tourism increased by 24.7%  in 2008,  17.75% in 2014  and estimated 18.02% in 2015.

Many traditional handicraft products with high export value as carving, jewelery, textiles, embroidery, lace, leather, rattan and bamboo, silk flowers, paper flowers ... are restored.
Meanwhile, hunger eradication, poverty reduction and job placement  activities are actively implemented. In 2008, 7537 visitors were introduced in job placement, 1629 poor households get National Fund's loans with the amount of 11 billion dong. Trained worker ratio was 55% in 2014 and 55.8% in 2015.  Number of participants in the training age was 1,900 visitors in 2014 and 2,000 visitors in 2015.

Total district development investment in 2008 was 118.327 billion dong, focusing on  education, health, workplace improvement and urban infrastructure development . Investment expenditures for capital construction and non- business capital of investment nature reached 339.04 billion dong in 2014; and estimated at 346.29 billion dong in 2015...

Education and training

 

The education and training are enhanced with improved quality and become one of the city's leading units. The number and quality of proficient teachers and distinction students at high schools have been increasing. In 2008-2009 academic year, the district education and training sector gained 13/13 good work indicators.  In 2014 - 2015 academic year all the sector planned targets were well achieved.

 

 

Culture

 

Conduct various cultural and art activities in association with the patriotic emulation movement, the major national and city campaigns .

 

Restore and maintain the traditional festivals and trade streets, keeping the material cultural values, upholding traditional cultural values, selectively inheriting cultural criterias of Hanoian, building civilized, elegant lifestyle associated with economic development.

 

The district has 190 valueable historical-cultural and revolutionary vestiges, cultural architecture works as Sword Lake, Tortoise Tower, Hoa Lo prison, Kim Ngan communal house, Bao An Pagoda (also known as Lien Tri), Bao Thien Tower, Le King temple, Ngoc Son Temple, O Quan Chuong gate, Hanoi Opera House and 19-8 Square, Cathedral, Museum of Vietnam History Museum of Vietnam Revolution, Ly Thai To Statue, Hanoi Post Office, Dong Xuan Market ... Especially, the entire old downtown of the district is under heritage conservation list.